Contract Farming Development in Iran; Necessities and Challenges
Contract Farming Development in Iran; Necessities and Challenges
Dr. Hossein Shirzad, The Director of the Central Organization of Rural Cooperatives of Iran emphasized the need to focus on and promote contract farming.

TEHRAN (Iran News) – Dr. Hossein Shirzad, The Director of the Central Organization of Rural Cooperatives of Iran
emphasized the need to focus on and promote contract farming, the implications, and necessity of using
the contract farming approach, and outlined the positive reasons and challenges for contract farming in

In an interview when Iran deputy minister, Dr. Shirzad was asked What the definition of contract farming is, what its
components are, what the meaning of this lexical composition is, and why it has not so far received the
general favor of the farmer community in view of all its advantages, he said, “ Contractual agricultural
status is understood as every phenomenon of public acceptance in the context of conditions and
situations of possibility and refusal. In simple agricultural terms, a contract is a legal contract that binds
the buyer to the producer through a binding contract (a UIFA) and specifies the quantity and quality of
the type of goods to be produced. In fact, contractual production, or custom production, is a form of
agricultural production that is concluded by a written contract based on the sharing of interests
between the producer and the seller and between the real or legal buyer. Contractor including the
document of the quality of sex, quantity, price, form, method of production, date of delivery of the
product which covers the subject of the contractual production and is signed between the parties.
Perhaps in a more precise definition of contract farming is defined as an economic position that is the
distance between spot markets and vertical integration, and a kind of intermediary entity that responds
to market failures and reduces transaction costs.”

He added, “On the other hand, agriculture is a systematic and purposeful contract of exchange of
money-flow in agriculture, whereby producers sign a contract with a local firm or company in order to
exchange a particular product or high-value product for the contracting party. To this end, the farmer or
agricultural firm agrees to provide the conditions required by the contractor. If the farmer fails to meet
the terms of the contract, the firm may reject the crop without payment or reduce payments to the

Contract farming is a mechanism that coordinates the relationships between agriculture and
the related industries of conversion, complementary and even maintenance in the chain, leading to the
strengthening of the activities of the processing and conversion industries. This process has led to
positive developments in the food supply chain and highlights its role as an effective strategy. There
have been experiences of using this approach for decades to develop crops such as oilseeds and sugar
beet (by specialized companies) in the country. This approach has been successful in the early stages of
product development called “cash crops” but for many reasons so far, there have been no generalizable
models in line with current conditions and, in turn, agricultural sector policies have led to the
elimination or inefficiency of such companies.”

Shirzad said that currently the conventional cultivation method is used by some private companies (such
as tomato paste producers, medicinal plants) in a limited and often semi-formal manner. The sugar
chain in our country has a long history and has been based on conventional agriculture, but at this
historical juncture, there is room for agronomic chains to be analyzed, redefined and pathologized, and
examined in more specialized workgroups.

When he was asked whether there are any specific historical records in our country of contract or
similar farming, which crops are cultivated under contract farming and what effects it had, Shirzad
relied, “Yes, we have at least two cotton and sugar beet crops in written, substantiated and almost
comprehensive historical records of contract farming with the help of foreign businessmen and
companies operating in Iran.

From a historical point of view, in fact, after Nassereddin Shah’s third visit
to Europe in 1889, a large group of European investors had a keen desire to conclude cultivation and
export contracts and invest in beet cultivation, the establishment of sugar factories, the development of
sugarcane and sugar beet cultivation, cotton. And they even showed up. Russian businessmen were
active in developing conventional cotton cultivation and promoting its high-quality seed in Khorasan,
financing farmers and establishing the first Iranian cotton clearing plant in 1902 in Mazandaran Bar.

  • source : Iran News