TEHRAN (Iran News) – On Friday Iranians marked the anniversary of the U.S.-Orchestrated Coup of 1953 as the darkest moment in the contemporary history of the country that years later Iranians proved the world that coup d’état is unable to defeat strong determination as the Pahlavi Dynasty collapsed in February 1979.
On Friday the Foreign Ministry of Iran said that the United States is a record-holder of interfering in the affairs of independent states, naming the U.S.-orchestrated coup of 1953 in Iran as an instance of that “dark history.”
Foreign Ministry spokesman Nasser Kanaani took to Twitter to mark the 69th anniversary of the 1953 coup, which was organized by American and British spy agencies against the government of Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq.
“The U.S. administration holds the record for interference, military attack, and coup against independent states and governments.”
The 1953 coup against Iran’s government is a “clear example of this dark history,” the spokesman stated.
“Will the U.S. administration revise its wrong and failed policy on Iran and respect the legitimate rights of the Iranian nation?”
Back in mid-July, the spokesman also reacted to former U.S. national security adviser John Bolton’s confession that he had a role in planning a number of coups outside the States.
“Bolton’s boasting about his role in attempted coups around the world made no one surprised,” wrote Nasser Kanaani, noting that “nefarious activities of a notorious government” were an “open secret” that were “made public.”
In August 1953, the British intelligence agency MI6 and its American counterpart CIA initiated the coup by the Iranian military, setting off a series of events, including riots on the streets of the capital Tehran, which led to the overthrow and arrest of Mosaddeq.
The coup, which was followed by the temporary rule of CIA- and MI6-approved General Fazlollah Zahedi, enabled the monarch, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi’s return from exile in Italy. It also consolidated the monarch’s rule for the following 26 years until the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979, led by Imam Khomeini, which toppled the Pahlavi regime.
Mosaddeq, who was convicted of treason by a court martial after the coup, served three years in solitary confinement and eventually died under house arrest in exile in 1967.
The historic overthrow, though, is still given as a reason for the Iranians’ mistrust of Britain and the United States. Experts say the upheaval, known in Iran as the ‘28 Mordad Coup’, was aimed at making sure the Iranian monarchy would safeguard the West’s oil interests in the country.
Of course, the 1953 coup has not been the first U.S.-orchestrated one because this country has been behind most coups in the world like what happened in Chile when the U.S. brought General Augusto Pinochet to power in 1973 after attempting coup by Chilean Army against the democratic President Salvador Allende.
The U.S. usually resorts to sedition and internal conflict, and when its pretexts do not work, it orchestrates coup d’etat in countries where generals and armies are powerful and they can bring down the leaders.
According to the documents released by the U.S. and British governments they both admitted they were behind this coup in Tehran. In 1953, the CIA and British intelligence orchestrated a coup d’etat that toppled the democratically elected government of Iran. The government of Mohammad Mossadegh. The aftershocks of the coup are still being felt.
In 1951 Prime Minister Mossadegh roused Britain’s ire when he nationalized the oil industry. Mossadegh argued that Iran should begin profiting from its vast oil reserves which had been exclusively controlled by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. The company later became known as British Petroleum (BP).
But anti-British and later anti-U.S. feelings in Iran soared and this was the main reason for attempting coup in Tehran to bring a un-popular and puppet regime and Shah in order to rule in the country.
The crushing of Iran’s first democratic government ushered in more than two decades of dictatorship under the Shah, who relied heavily on U.S. aid and arms. The anti-American backlash that toppled the Shah in 1979 shook the whole region and helped spread Islamic values in the world.
Iranians proved the world that nothing is able to defeat strong determination of nations and coup and boots of generals are unable to stop the nations from moving ahead.
Now, 69 years after that coup, Americans are trying different ways to topple the government and establishment in Iran, and since they are not able to plot any coup in the country, they have resorted to domestic rift and unrests but Iranians have shown that they may have differences and problems but they will not fall in the trap of Americans, and the Islamic Republic of Iran will march ahead strongly and every year will chant its anti-U.S. slogans louder than ever.