TEHRAN (Iran News) – The leaders of Germany, Russia, Turkey, and France are set to hold a summit in Berlin to discuss ways to end the conflict and make peace in the North African country of Libya.
The talks, to be held under the auspices of the United Nations (UN), are scheduled to start in the German capital at around 02:00 p.m. local time (1300 GMT) on Sunday.
Libya Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj and Khalifa Haftar, the commander of rebel militia groups, are also expected to attend the peace summit.
The conference is aimed at ending the armed fighting between the government and Haftar’s rebel forces. It will also discuss the interference of foreign powers in the Libyan conflict through the provision of weapons, troops, and financing.
“All foreign interference can provide some aspirin effect in the short term, but Libya needs all foreign interference to stop. That’s one of the objectives of this conference,” Ghassan Salame, the UN’s special envoy for Libya, told AFP on the eve of the meeting.
Draft communiqué calls for a commitment to non-interference, peace
In a draft communiqué seen by AFP ahead of the summit, the UN has expressed hope that all sides would sign up to a plan to refrain from interference and commit to a truce that would lead to a lasting end to hostilities.
The document calls on all parties to recommit to a UN arms embargo on Libya and raises the prospect of intra-Libyan political talks in Geneva at the end of the month.
The draft also urges all parties to refrain from hostilities against oil facilities in Libya, and also recognizes the Tripoli-based state oil company NOC as the sole legitimate entity allowed to sell Libyan oil.
Haftar’s forces blocked oil exports from the war-ravaged country’s main ports on Saturday.
The move to cripple the country’s main source of income was framed by the rebel forces as a protest against Turkey’s decision to send troops to shore up the Libyan government.
After months of combat, which has killed more than 2,000 people, a ceasefire was agreed to take effect on January 12 but was soon ignored.
Also, on Tuesday, Haftar walked away from peace talks in the Russian capital of Moscow.
Sarraj had signed a draft truce agreement during those talks.
On Saturday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged the European Union to support his country’s deployment of troops to Libya if the 28-member bloc seeks to end the conflict in the North African country.
Since 2014, Libya has been divided between two rival camps: the government in Tripoli, and a camp based in the eastern city of Tobruk.
Haftar, who is backed by Egypt, Russia, the United Arab Emirates, and Jordan, is the self-proclaimed commander of an array of militia groups apparently supporting the eastern camp. He launched an offensive to capture Tripoli and oust the government in April.
His forces have been bogged down near the capital; yet, he has pledged to continue the offensive.
- source : PressTV, Iran News